Tarek M. Shaarawy is the Head of the Glaucoma unit, and the Glaucoma surgery research group at the University of Geneva Hospitals. He is also a Privat-Docent of the University of Geneva. He obtained both his medical bachelor and Masters Degree in ophthalmology at the University of Cairo, and his Doctorate in Medicine degree from the University of Lausanne. He trained in ophthalmology at the Cairo Research Institute of Ophthalmology and completed two glaucoma fellowships at the Universities of Lausanne and Basel. He is currently the President of the International Society of Glaucoma surgery as well as the associate vice president of the World Glaucoma Association.

His main research interests are surgical techniques of Glaucoma surgery, normal pressure glaucoma, and glaucoma patterns of practice in developed and developing countries. He is the author and editor of five textbooks on Glaucoma, and more than 100 book chapters and publications in peer reviewed journals. He serves on the editorial board of many ophthalmology journals, including the International Journal of Ophthalmology, the Journal of Glaucoma, the Canadian Journal of ophthalmology, and the Middle East African Journal of ophthalmology, The Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology, among others.

In addition to his glaucoma practice Tarek Shaarawy is active in a number of NGOs dealing with global prevention of blindness.